As AI Dominates More of Our Lives, How Design Can Mitigate Unethical Behavior

Last April, former President Barack Obama released a video warning us not to believe everything we see and hear on the internet, at least many thought it was from the ex-president. In actuality, it was produced by actor and director Jordan Peele using artificial intelligence (AI) and highlighted deepfakes. There are many examples of how this tech can be dangerous to society but it’s another consequence of AI’s proliferation in our lives.

What do we want AI to be? Should it be like the computer from Star Trek or Her or will it be more like HAL 9000 from 2001: A Space Odyssey, Ultron from Avengers, or any of the bad Terminators? Perhaps more science-fiction than anything reality could produce, as AI continues to be more embedded in our lives, its application is constantly being debated, by technologists like Elon Musk, Mark Zuckerberg, and former Google (Alphabet) chairman Eric Schmidt, many worried about jobs being replaced due to automation or the potential evils that could arise.

The cover of the 2019 Design in Tech Report produced by John Maeda and presented at the South by Southwest Interactive festival. (Image credit: John Maeda/screenshot)

Amid all the fears of AI, be it around misinformation, inequality and bias, to John Maeda, the head of computational design and inclusion at WordPress-parent company Automattic, design’s inclusion can help mitigate unethical behavior and improve AI for the better. At the South by Southwest Interactive festival in March, he presented his annual Design in Tech Report, casting a spotlight on design’s influence on computational design and suggesting that as engineers develop AI, it must not be done so in a vacuum, but rather in collaboration with designers, business stakeholders, and others on the team.

“Embrace” computational design

In its fifth year, the Design in Tech Report offers Maeda’s perspective on the profession’s impact on the tech sector. In 2016. he introduced three types of thinking: classical, design, and computational. In successive reports, he focused on each one, unfolding his…thinking.

The three types of design every company needs to know about. From John Maeda’s Design in Tech Report (Credit: John Maeda/screenshot)

As Maeda told me back then, classical thinking is the education that designers currently receive in school, which is used in media like print and physical displays. “It’s art,” he explained, saying that it will be around for centuries and will affect designers’ ability to be creative.

Design thinking supports having multi-disciplined designers, those that are not only artistic but can program and/or understand business. These hybrid designers, as I wrote back in 2017, are “able to recognize the complexities that exist within tech products, as well as the design challenges that lie within them. Whether it’s designing solutions for voice-powered services, hardware, mobile apps, or making something more accessible to a variety of people, staying in one’s lane is no longer an option, at least not in tech.”

This year’s report targets computational design and Maeda believes that the professional has reached a level of “maturity” that can offset fears about AI’s future. But what is computational design? In my coverage of the 2016 Design in Tech Report, it involves designers who “have an understanding of algorithms and processes, especially those who can think about the customer experience in mobile apps, Internet-connected devices, autonomous vehicles, virtual reality, and other spaces.”

To Maeda, computational designers not only understand the world of engineers, but have the artistic and inclusive mindset needed to ensure that AI can remain unbiased, inclusive, and ethical in order to benefit all humanity, reducing the number of incidents like the one where Google Photos’ algorithm mistakenly identified African Americans as gorillas or how Microsoft’s Tay chatbot became a racist thanks to learnings from the internet.

AI’s adoption is proliferating even if you don’t realize it. Have you used an application like Grammarly, Google Photos, Prisma, or do you have an iPhone or Android device, or shop on Amazon? Maybe you have an Amazon Echo device, Google Home, or a Nest smart thermostat? All of these things are infused with AI and are constantly learning, so Maeda suggests companies include design in the development process to ensure that their technologies are as open and welcoming to all as possible.

In John Maeda’s 2019 Design in Tech Report, he features the “Four Planets” concept that Automattic uses when it comes to design and development. (Photo credit: John Maeda/screenshot)

Integrating design into the computational world is an asset, Maeda asserts. Using the “Four Planets” concept, he states that designers can be on Planet Listen where they’re able to receive feedback and know their customers, unlike developers who may reside on Planet Deliver where it’s about building and production. Maeda doesn’t claim that this is true for all developers but that designers are the ones who tend to have more interactions with the end user — something emphasized in last year’s Design in Tech Report.

Ultimately Maeda embraces technology’s future, encouraging us to follow through on innovation. He urges us to “be curious” and to embrace computational algorithms.

Everyone wins when the focus is on the customer

In each of his reports, Maeda offers a snapshot of design’s state in tech including how many legacy companies have acquired design firms. In the last 12 months, at least 19 businesses were purchased, according to Maeda. Within Silicon Valley, there is a “design-led” movement along with other takes such as “product-led” and “sales-led”. But Maeda’s report doesn’t take the position of putting design above all others. In reality, it’s about teamwork and everything will succeed when design plays a supporting role.

When asked to elaborate on this stance, Maeda said in an email: “Teamwork has long been more important than anything else to me. ‘Engineering-led,’ or ‘Product-led,’ or ‘Marketing-led,’ or ‘Design-led’ all imply to some degree the importance of a discipline’s performance over and above the performance of the entire team. I believe that when we place a focus on the customers’ needs and when we work as a team to satisfy their hopes and dreams, then everyone wins together.”

In other words, no one discipline can be correct, but if applied together like Voltron, businesses can succeed. Although as an advocate for design, it does seem that Maeda wants to reinforce the benefits design has on any company, just not that it should take a seat on the Iron Throne.

YouTube player

You can watch Maeda’s SXSW presentation of his 2019 Design in Tech Report above. It’s also available in full on his website or you can read it on Flipboard along with additional supporting materials that Maeda used.

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